WASHINGTON — President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s choose for the director of nationwide intelligence, Avril D. Haines, is a politically average nationwide safety skilled who’s prone to win affirmation in a sharply divided Senate however encounter arduous criticisms from the left.
The selection of Ms. Haines, who can be the primary girl to function the nation’s high intelligence official, prompted concern from some human rights teams, which questioned her position because the architect of the Obama administration’s program concentrating on terrorists with drones, a few of which killed civilians. However her defenders argue that Ms. Haines helped put in place safeguards on using power and larger transparency for the drone program.
Ms. Haines, an skilled in worldwide regulation, has labored for the Obama and Bush administrations in jobs for the Nationwide Safety Council, the State Division and the C.I.A. She additionally has probably the most attention-grabbing unclassified backgrounds of any high intelligence choose. She is a educated physicist, a brown belt in judo, a pilot who practically crashed into the North Atlantic together with her future husband and a former cafe and bookstore proprietor who helped revitalize Baltimore as a neighborhood activist.
“It’s clear that she has eclectic pursuits,” mentioned John O. Brennan, the previous C.I.A. chief who picked her to be the company’s deputy director. “Even, you already know, bohemian.”
If confirmed, Ms. Haines, 51, must rebuild an intelligence neighborhood that was brazenly excoriated by President Trump over its evaluation that Russia had interfered on his behalf within the 2016 election and to depoliticize the Workplace of the Director of Nationwide Intelligence.
Whereas intelligence chiefs have historically been nonpartisan and targeted on delivering details, the previous two administrators of nationwide intelligence, John Ratcliffe and Richard Grenell, who served on an performing foundation, have been fierce partisan defenders of Mr. Trump.
Ms. Haines co-wrote an article in International Coverage this 12 months that raised considerations in regards to the politicization of the intelligence companies below the Trump administration.
Within the Obama White Home, Ms. Haines was a nationwide safety authorized adviser starting in 2010, a place that helps oversee covert C.I.A. packages, together with the drone strikes, and labeled Pentagon operations. She then served as a deputy C.I.A. director from 2013 to 2015, after which she returned to the White Home because the deputy nationwide safety adviser, main the committee of company deputies that developed coverage choices for Mr. Obama within the remaining years of his administration.
Early in her authorities profession, Ms. Haines developed a fame for her mind and for beginning work early within the day and persevering with late into the night time, with solely a small break for her husband to ship dinner.
“She is only a workhorse,” mentioned John B. Bellinger III, a high Bush administration lawyer who promoted Ms. Haines to a senior authorized place on the State Division. “She works about 23 hours a day.”
In 2007, whereas detailed from the State Division to Congress, Ms. Haines labored as a lawyer on the Senate International Relations Committee when Mr. Biden was the chairman, an early probability for her to work intently with the long run president-elect.
“She will likely be Biden’s principal adviser on intelligence points,” Mr. Bellinger mentioned. “That she has a longstanding relationship of belief with him will make her enormously influential.”
An in depth research of Ms. Haines’s formative years won’t recommend that she was sure for the highest intelligence job. She attended the College of Chicago as an undergraduate, learning physics and dealing as an auto mechanic. She additionally started taking flying classes from an teacher she would later marry, David Davighi.
A profile of Ms. Haines in Newsweek in 2013 described how Ms. Haines and Mr. Davighi purchased a twin-engine airplane and started rebuilding it with hopes of flying it from Maine to England. They made it so far as Atlantic Canada when the engines gave out, forcing an emergency touchdown in Labrador.
After graduating from faculty, Ms. Haines moved with Mr. Davighi to Baltimore, the place they finally purchased a bar that had been seized by the federal government in a drug raid and remade it into an unbiased bookstore and cafe.
Years later, when Ms. Haines was named a deputy director of the C.I.A., Washington journalists had enjoyable reporting on the occasional erotic literature nights the bookstore hosted within the mid-Nineteen Nineties. In a single session attended by a Baltimore Solar reporter, Ms. Haines kicked off the studying with an Anne Rice fairy story after which gave the reporter a spirited protection of the “spontaneity, twists and turns” of erotic fiction.
Possession of the bookstore led to neighborhood organizing work, which led Ms. Haines to Georgetown College Legislation Heart, the place she found worldwide authorized work.
The Presidential Transition
Whereas she is a former C.I.A. deputy director, Ms. Haines doesn’t have an extended profession of working straight for intelligence companies. Nonetheless, she has deep expertise overseeing covert packages, main White Home State of affairs Room discussions of nationwide safety issues and translating intelligence points for political leaders within the White Home.
Ms. Haines had been chosen to return to the State Division, chosen for the authorized adviser’s job, when Mr. Brennan made her his deputy after he was confirmed to guide the C.I.A. in 2013. Mr. Brennan, a profession C.I.A. officer, mentioned he needed an outsider to assist him.
“She shouldn’t be an ideologue by any means,” he mentioned. “She might be going to be criticized by folks at completely different ends of the spectrum, however she has a really sensible and pragmatic view.”
Some human rights organizations expressed worries that Mr. Biden’s alternative of Ms. Haines signaled a return to the Obama administration’s nationwide safety insurance policies moderately than exploring extra liberal options. Progressive teams lengthy argued that the Obama administration’s counterterrorism packages amounted to extrajudicial killings and have been unlawful below worldwide regulation.
“My considerations about her are extra my considerations in regards to the Obama administration,” mentioned Andrea J. Prasow, the deputy Washington director of Human Rights Watch. “With these cupboard picks, we’re returning to the earlier administration as an alternative of constructing daring and forward-leaning picks.”
In her Senate affirmation, Ms. Haines is prone to face questions in regards to the drone program and the way below her watch the C.I.A. labored with lawmakers investigating the company’s interrogation program. On the time, senators accused the C.I.A. of breaking into computer systems they have been utilizing to conduct their oversight, setting off a bitter feud between lawmakers and the company.
Some progressives have additionally been upset with Ms. Haines’s choice to help the nomination of Gina Haspel as Mr. Trump’s second C.I.A. director. Ms. Haspel’s work on the C.I.A. torture program, progressives mentioned, ought to have disqualified her.
Different liberals are involved that Ms. Haines shouldn’t be somebody to make large adjustments in nationwide safety and counterterrorism packages.
Ms. Prasow mentioned that regardless of her disagreements with Ms. Haines, she had deep respect for her. Whereas some authorities officers make a present of listening, Ms. Haines not solely engaged with human rights teams however tried to include the criticism into her coverage work.
“She is without doubt one of the nicest folks I’ve ever met, and possibly the nicest particular person I’ve ever met who labored for the U.S. authorities,” Ms. Prasow mentioned.
Veterans of the Obama administration mentioned Ms. Haines’s actual ability was listening to and getting buy-in from stakeholders, a important part to creating lasting adjustments to nationwide safety coverage. In an interview with The Each day Beast final summer time, Ms. Haines mentioned a deal with the method of presidency was what was wanted.
“I can perceive folks questioning whether or not I’m somebody who may help to advertise large change the place it’s wanted,” she mentioned. “And for what it’s price, I imagine I’m precisely the fitting particular person for making such change the place applicable.”